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H₂O₂ intshayelelo

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H₂O₂ intshayelelo

Ihydrogen peroxide yikhemikhali enefomula H2O2. Ngobume bayo obusulungekileyo, lulwelo oluluhlaza kakhulu, lubonakala kancinci kunamanzi. Isetyenziswa njenge-oxidizer, i-agent ye-bleaching, kunye ne-antiseptic. I-hydrogen peroxide egxininisiweyo, okanye "iperoxide yovavanyo oluphezulu", luhlobo lweoksijini esebenzayo kwaye isetyenziswe njengepropellant kwi-rocketry. I-chemistry yayo ilawulwa yi-OO bond.

Ihydrogen peroxide yeyona peroxide ilula (ikhompawundi eneoksijini-oxygen bond enye). Ngokucothayo ukubola kubukho bokukhanya. Iperoxide yehidrojeni idla ngokugcinwa ngesizinzisi kwisisombululo esithambileyo esineasidi kwibhotile enombala omnyama. Ihydrogen peroxide ifumaneka kwiinkqubo zebhayoloji kuquka nomzimba womntu. Iienzymes ezisebenzisa okanye ezibolayo ihydrogen peroxide zihlelwa njengeeperoxidase.

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Ihydrogen peroxide esulungekileyo lulwelo olungenambala oluxubana namanzi. Idla ngokubonelelwa njengesisombululo se-40%(w/w) kodwa ikwafumaneka ukuya kutsho kwi-ca 70%(w/w). Isetyenziswa ikakhulu njengeblitshi.

Ukusetyenziswa kwe-hydrogen peroxide

Iimpawu zehydrogen peroxide zisetyenziswa kumashishini amaninzi. Mhlawumbi ukusetyenziswa kwayo okuqhelekileyo kwimihla ngemihla kwiimveliso zobunikazi ezisetyenziselwa ukuhlamba iimpahla, umzekelo kwezinye iindlela zeVanish TM. Izixa ezikhulu zehydrogen peroxide zisetyenziselwa ukwenza i-sodium perborate kunye nesodium percarbonate, ezisetyenziswa njengeejenti zokuthambisa kwizicoci ezingamalwelo neziqinileyo. I-sodium perborate, i-NaBO3.4H2O, yenziwe ngokongeza i-hydrogen peroxide kwisisombululo se-sodium metaborate kunye ne-sodium hydroxide. I-sodium percarbonate ilungiselelwe ngokufaka i-hydrogen peroxide kwisisombululo se-sodium carbonate.

Ukukhutshwa kwe-hydrogen ye-anthroquinone
I-oxidation ye-anthraquinol
Ukukhutshwa kwesisombululo se-hydrogen peroxide
Ukuhlanjululwa kunye nokugxininiswa kwe-hydrogen peroxide

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